The Hundred word Eulogy

Did you know that there is a poem written by a Ming Dynasty Emperor in praise of Islam and the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

The Hundred-word Eulogy was composed in 1368 (769 A.H.) by Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty in China, also known as Zhu Yuangzhang, the Taizu Emperor of the Ming, in honour of the prophet Muhammad (ﷺ peace and blessings be upon him). He took this action to honour and express his gratitude to the Muslims for their allegiance to him. Hongwu constructed numerous mosques around China. He was the one who ordered the construction of the old Jingjue mosque in Nanjing, the Huajue mosque in Xi’an, and the mosque in Hangzhou.


Zhu Chongba, the Hongwu Emperor (1328–1398), is referred to as Zhu Yuanzhang in China. He was the emperor who put an end to Mongol dominance in China and founded the Ming Dynasty, which ruled from 1368 to 1644.


The Vagrant Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang was a poor man at first, and in fact, he is frequently referred to as the beggar who rose to the throne. He was an Anhui tenant farmer who was in dire need of money. His family had gradually starved to death during a terrible famine when he was seventeen.2.

He begged his way through the next few years, fell ill, got better, and eventually joined a Buddhist monastery.3.

Becoming Emperor

It seems he was not a man with a lot of political connections or high-ranking pals. Zhu Yuanzhang, having seen his monastery plundered, joined rebels. He openly rebelled against the ruling Yuan Dynasty (the Mongols) in 1352. He ascended the ranks and attained the position of leader. There was a wide range of religious beliefs among his soldiers and friends. He seemed especially appreciative of one group in particular, the Muslims.

He captured Nanjing in 1356, and he eventually made this city his capital. He ultimately succeeded in driving the Mongols from China proper in 1381, following decades of conflict.


The Muslim Connection

Several Muslim generals that Zhu Yuanzhang had hired assisted him in toppling the Mongols. The eleven Muslims who are renowned for having protected Hongwu were among these Muslims. They were Feng Sheng 冯胜, Feng Guo 冯国, Lan Yu 蓝玉, Chang Yuchun 常遇春, Hu Dahai 胡大海, Ding Dexing 渁卷兴, and Mu Ying 沐鋱. In addition, new research has linked his wife Empress Ma’s ancestry to Central Asia. However, Chinese historiography does not support the idea that Empress Ma is descended from the Hui, and as a result, this theory is not widely held. Nonetheless, academics continue to assert that Zhu Yuangzhang was surrounded by a sizable Muslim population.


The Eulogy

The original Chinese text of the Hundred-Word Eulogy are provided below

Translation below:

The universe began with the heavenly tablet recording his name. The religion-delivering great sage, born in the western realm.

Conferring and receiving heavenly scripture in thirty parts, universally transforming all created beings. Master of the trillion rulers, leader of the ten thousand sages.

Assisted by destiny, protector of the community. In each of the five prayers, he silently supplicates for their total well-being. His intention is that Allah should remember the needy. Deliver them from tribulations to safety, Knower of the unseen.

Exalted above every soul and spirit, free from any blameworthy deeds.
A mercy to all of the worlds, whose path is preeminent for all time.

Renounce spiritual ignorance; return to The One – that is the religion called Islam.

Muhammad is the most noble sage.

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